Young adults' welbeing dataset (Bogota)
This dataset was collected to conceptualises quality of life as a multidimensional construct where objective and subjective measurements compose young adults’ well-being and agency. The selection of normative standards of quality of life among young adults was performed using focus group discussions (FGD) and interviews. Framework analysis was used to aggregate identified capabilities into domains of quality of life, which were then incorporated into a questionnaire through a multiple-question Likert scale. The questionnaire was tested for internal consistency using Cronbach’s (α) alpha, ensuring the same directionality of all variables through reversing coding. Results showed a highly reliable α (53 items; α = 0.806) for the entire capability section of the questionnaire. In addition to capability-based questions, the questionnaire also collected data regarding hedonic and cognitive subjective well-being (Diener, 1984; Kahneman et al., 1999), and a 10-item personality inventory (TIPI) (Gosling et al., 2003), measuring personality traits, as well as socioeconomic status (SES) variables. Based on the qualitative data, for this paper data was collected in a questionnaire which was administered in both urban settings of Juan XXIII (Chapinero) and Perdomo Alto (Ciudad Bolivar). Before the administration of the survey, a census survey of all households was conducted in order to identify the location and total number of young adults in each urban setting. In total, 300 young adults were identified in both urban settings of which 231 were surveyed. The area of the urban settings as well as population density of young adults suggested that the administration of a census survey was preferable to collecting data using a sample survey. In the case of subjective measures, the analysis uses emotional (experience) and cognitive (evaluation) components of well-being (Diener, 1984). For the emotional component of well-being, which attempts to make a hedonic assessment of feeling, desires and emotions, the questionnaire included the question: ‘Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday?’ (HAPP); and for the cognitive component, which assesses people’s judgements related to expectations and ideal life (Van Hoorn, 2007) (SATI), the question included was: ‘Overall, how satisfied are you with your life in general these days?’ Two additional subjective measures were also included: a variable to measure the level of achievement of well-being (Morrison, 2010) based on quality of life criteria (QoL), and a variable to assess perceptions of available opportunities (OPP). To be more comprehensive in the proposal of having a multidimensional measure for young adults’ advantage, the analysis incorporated two continuous variables. SCALE is a variable that provides a global assessment of young adults’ urban life, based on a scale of 0 to 100, where 0 represents the worst possible quality of life and 100 represents the best possible quality of life.
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