The MYCN oncoprotein is an RNA-binding accessory factor of the nuclear exosome targeting complex

Published: 25 April 2024| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/w54f58893m.1


The MYCN oncoprotein binds active promoters in a heterodimer with its partner protein MAX. MYCN also interacts with the nuclear exosome, a 3’-5’ exoribonuclease complex, suggesting a function in RNA metabolism. Here we show that MYCN forms stable high molecular weight complexes with the exosome and multiple RNA-binding proteins. MYCN binds RNA in vitro and in cells via a conserved sequence termed MYCBoxI. In cells, MYCN associates with thousands of intronic transcripts together with the ZCCHC8 subunit of the nuclear exosome targeting complex and enhances their processing. Perturbing exosome function results in global re-localization of MYCN from promoters to intronic RNAs. On chromatin, MYCN is then replaced by the MNT(MXD6) repressor protein, inhibiting MYCN-dependent transcription. RNA-binding deficient alleles show that RNA-binding limits MYCN’s ability to activate cell growth-related genes but is required for MYCN’s ability to promote progression through S phase and enhance the stress resilience of neuroblastoma cells.



Julius-Maximilians-Universitat Wurzburg


Transcription, Neuroblastoma, RNA Processing, Immunoprecipitation, Exosome