Dataset on Human Rights Awareness and the Right to Water and Sanitation in Northwest Nigeria

Published: 24 June 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/x46s9zj8n6.1
Kasim Balarabe


The data contain responses from 780 respondents in a survey conducted in the seven States of Northwest Nigeria on human rights awareness and the right to water and sanitation.


Steps to reproduce

I conducted the empirical study in the seven North-western States of Nigeria that comprised Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States. State capitals were automatically included to represent urban centres, and I randomly selected a local government in each State using Excel Software to administer the questionnaire. I used two assistants (male and female) in administering the questionnaire. I provided training to the assistants on the contents of the questionnaire on the meaning of human rights, discrimination, marginalisation and how to explain to those who could not read/write and how to seek clarification where necessary. Stratified random sampling was used to divide locations into groups, and systematic random sampling was used to select the households where the questionnaires will be administered. The questionnaire was administered in English and Hausa languages. A total of 800 questionnaires were distributed, while 780. Where necessary, a follow-up interview was conducted for clarifications in relations to the open-ended questions. The questionnaires contained an informed consent clause which each respondent read and signed before filling the questionnaires. Except in very few instances, questions were in the closed format. In this format, I used a combination of leading questions, importance questions, Likert questions, dichotomous questions, bipolar questions, and rating scale questions. This provided the opportunity for a standardised way of measuring responses. In cases where the opinion of the relevant stakeholder is considered relevant, open-ended questions were used. All the responses generated through the empirical study were entered in Qualtrics software and analysed using a combination of statistical and graphical representations to provide insights into human rights situation and water and sanitation associated problems, their causes and perceptions of the respondents on these issues.


Social Sciences, Law, Human Rights, Water, Sanitation