Comparison between the immediate effect of dynamic and static cupping therapy on shoulder range of motion and pectoral muscle length in upper-crossed syndrome
ABSTRACT Background: Upper cross syndrome is a postural ailment which results due to overactive and underactive musculature which leads to altered mechanics of the body, and the surrounding structures also undergo overexertion and secondary ailments appear. Methods: Eighteen Asymptomatic subjects with upper cross syndrome were recruited and randomly assigned into two groups. Patients in the Group A received one session of dynamic cupping over the pectoralis minor and upper trapezius muscle while patient in Group B received static cupping over pectoralis minor and upper trapezius muscle. Assessment is taken at before the treatment. Shoulder and cervical Range of motion (ROM) and pectoralis minor muscle length were compared after the cupping session. Results: A significant change (p<0.05) was found in shoulder and cervical ROM and pectoral muscle length in both the group immediately after a cupping session. No significant group difference was observed between the groups (p>0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that ROM and Muscle Length can be equally improved in one session using either of Dynamic or Static Cupping therapy.