The Principal Transformational Leadership Strategy in Developing National Policies for Strengthening Character Education in Eastern Indonesia

Published: 8 April 2021| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/xwxbm57dkt.2
Yulius Rustan Effendi,
Ibrahim Bafadal,
I Nyoman Sudana Degeng,
Imron Arifin


This study aims to describe the development of national education policies by uniting the main character values set by the Indonesian Ministry of Education with the moral values of the Lonto leok culture of the Manggarai community. Also, to find out and explain the role of the principal’s leadership based on the Lonto Leok culture teaching approach. This research used a qualitative approach, case study design. To achieve research objectives, data collection through in-depth interviews, observation of participants, and study documentation. Data analysis used a modified analytic analysis method. Data validity is assessed based on the level of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. The results of the study explained that the school’s character values derived from the unification of national character values and the cultural values of Lonto Leok culture had an effective impact on shaping the character of students at school. Besides, explaining that the application of the principal’s transformational leadership role model based on the approach of Lonto Leok’s cultural teaching dimensions encourages all components of the school, parents, and community to actively participate in supporting the implementation of character education strengthening programs in schools. The contribution of this research is to position the moral values of the “Lonto Leok” culture of the Manggarai community as local cultural assets that support the formation of student character. Also, the dimensions of teaching lonto leok culture affect effectively supporting the principal’s transformational leadership behavior, so that the program to strengthen character education is optimally implemented


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This study used a descriptive qualitative analytic research design, which aims to collect data in written or oral form, arranged in sentences based on interviews with informants This study refers to in-depth interviews with one principal, eight senior teachers, three senior employees, three students representing grades VII, VIII, and IX, two school committee staff, three parents representing the parent group, one representing the alumni, one supervisor who representing the local Education Agency, and two cultural figures Data analysis was carried out through the process of systematically searching and organizing interview transcripts and field notes, then sorting and grouping data to compile research focus and generate theories The data validity in this research used several measures as follows; First, credibility measure


Research Article