The relationship between regular sinusoidal waves in the tissue at lung-related acupuncture points and the respiration pacesetter mechanism

Published: 24 October 2019| Version 2 | DOI: 10.17632/xzjbv2h943.2
Fletcher Kovich


This data compliments a paper entitled: The relationship between regular sinusoidal waves in the tissue at lung-related acupuncture points and the respiration pacesetter mechanism. The paper fully describes and analyses the data. Supplemental to that paper, the following document analyses aspects of the “pace signals” to rule out the possibility that the pace signals are artefact. At the time of writing, the main paper is still in production. Please see the links at the end of this dataset, which will be updated once the paper is published. A preprint draft of the main paper is available at


Steps to reproduce

Seven patients were selected from the author’s Chinese acupuncture practice. They all received acupuncture routinely, and usually attended clinic for a treatment at intervals ranging from 3 to 6 weeks, depending on the level of stress in their life; none took pharmaceuticals routinely; and at the time of the recordings, all were healthy. The real-time impedance was monitored at the following acupoints. With patient 1, the range of acupoints monitored was wider. These included bilateral Kidney 3 (Taixi), left Lung-6 (Kongzui), left Lung-9 (Taiyuan), left Stomach-19 (Burong), and left Stomach-36 (Zusanli). With patients 2-7, the acupoints monitored were left Lung-6; and 3 pairs of electrodes were also placed across the left Stomach-19 acupoint (at 6mm intervals perpendicular to the meridian). A thermistor was also placed under the patient’s nose to record their breathing cycle. And their pulse rate was monitored by placing an oximeter on their finger and taking readings every 10 seconds (these values are stored in the "calculations" spreadsheets for each patient). The acupoints were first located by an acupuncturist with 14 years experience in Chinese acupuncture, then the location of lowest impedance was verified electrically, and this was used as the test location. At each acupoint, a pair of custom-made electrodes were used, set at a distance of 6 mm apart (the second acting as a control), and a standard ECG electrode was attached at about 5 cm from each acupoint, as an earth. A 40 kHz 200 mv sine wave was passed through the electrodes, and the voltage monitored. A custom-made unit converted the monitored voltages to DC, then passed these to a data logger which sampled the voltages at 1 kHz. The thermistor was attached to a simple voltage divider circuit and a direct current passed through it. The voltage across the thermistor was monitored by another data logger, also sampling at 1 kHz. An Access database and macro was used to control the data loggers and convert the voltage samples into kΩ and Celsius values, before they were imported into Matlab and filtered to produce the plots. Full details of all the techniques and equipment used (including how to reliably locate acupoints electrically) can be found in the following documents.