Evaluation of nutritional status and related factors in hemodialysis patients referred to hemodialysis centers
Objective: Restriction of some nutrients, loss of nutrients through dialysis, and anorexia in hemodialysis patients are the most critical factors affecting hemodialysis patients' nutritional status. This study aimed to determine the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients and related factors. Research method & procedure: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was on 220 hemodialysis patients who had been on dialysis for at least three months. The nutritional status of hemodialysis patients was classified using three criteria: subjective global assessment (SGA), protein-energy wasting (PEW), and obesity criteria. Other nutritional indicators such as food intake assessments, anthropometric size measurements, and body composition using BIA (bioelectrical impedance analysis) consider the nutritional status.