Early Stem Cell Aging in the Mature Brain.
Stem cell dysfunction drives many age-related disorders. Identifying mechanisms that initially compromise stem cell behavior represent early targets to enhance stem cell function later in life. Here, we pinpoint multiple factors that disrupt neural stem cell (NSC) behavior in the adult hippocampus. Clonal tracing showed that NSCs exhibit asynchronous depletion by identifying short-term (ST-NSC) and long-term NSCs (LT-NSCs). ST-NSC divide rapidly to generate neurons and deplete in the young brain. Meanwhile, multipotent LT-NSCs are maintained for months, but are pushed out of homeostasis by lengthening quiescence. Single cell transcriptome analysis of deep NSC quiescence revealed several hallmarks of molecular aging in the mature brain and identified tyrosine-protein kinase Abl1 as an NSC pro-aging factor. Treatment with the Abl-inhibitor Imatinib increased NSC proliferation without impairing NSC maintenance in the middle-aged brain. Our study indicates that hippocampal NSCs are particularly vulnerable to cellular aging, yet NSC function can be partially restored. Attached are supplementary figures 4-7. S4 is RNA-Seq mapping efficiency summary. S5 are the expression matrices. S6 is differential expression. S7 is associated GO term enrichment.