Comparison of heart rate and heart rate recovery after six minute walk test in physically active and inactive smokers
Background: Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular events and also impairs the function of heart and blood vessels. Physical activity plays a vital role in prevention of various diseases and produces lots of benefits. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to compare heart rate and heart rate recovery after six minute walk test heart rate in active and inactive smoker Methods: In this study 30 participant were included out of this 15 were active smoker and 15 were inactive smoker aged 22-35 years. After initial screening and assessment of the participant level of physical activity was assessed by using GPAQ and subjects were diivided into active and inactive group; then six minute walk test (6MWT) was conducted in bioth groups. Resting heart rate, heart rate recovery upto 5 minutes and 6MWD were recorded in both the groups. Results: The resting heart rate was significantly higher in inactive smoker as compared with active smoker (p<0.05). Heart rate after 6MWT was significantly higher in inactive smoker than active smoker (p<0.05). The heart rate recovery was delayed at the end of 1,2,3,4 and 5 minute of recovery in inactive smokers in comparison to active smokers (p<0.05). The distance walked by active smokers was significantly higher than inactive smokers (p<0.05). Conclusion: The present study concluded that the resting heart rate is higher in inactive smoker as compared to active smoker. Heart rate recovery was delayed in inactive smokers. Physical activity plays a vital role in prevention of various diseases and could decrease the detrimental effect of smoking to some extent as compared to inactive smoker.