Data of Pre-SARS-CoV-2 Infection Sports-Related Physical Activity Levels, Disease Severity, and Treatment Outcomes
The primary aim was to elucidate the potential associations between exercise and sports-related physical activity (PA) levels prior to the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and two key aspects: (i) the severity of the disease and (ii) the treatments administered following the most recent SARS-CoV-2 infection. Data collection spanned from February to March 2023 (a two-month period), involving the utilization of the Active-Q (an online, interactive questionnaire) to automatically assess weekly habitual sports-related PA among adults prior to their last SARS-CoV-2 infection. The questionnaire also captured participant characteristics, such as ethnicity, region of residence, educational level, number of underlying medical conditions that might be associated with severe COVID-19 illnesses, pre-illness vaccination history, occurrences of SARS-CoV-2 re-infections, disease severity, and illness treatment following their most recent SARS-CoV-2 infection. [The data contains: Body mass (kg) and height (cm) values transformed to body mass index (kg·m−2); age (yr) are in raw format, sports-related physical activity level, sex at birth, ethnicity, region of residence, education level, SARS-CoV-2 re-infections, pre-illness vaccination profiles/types, number of underlying medical conditions that could be related to severe illness with COVID-19, disease severity, and illness treatment classification (nominal and categorical formats).] The dataset reveals key insights into the relationships between pre-SARS-CoV-2 infection PA levels and disease severity as well as treatment outcomes among respondents: (i) the independence of sports-related PA level prior to SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease severity categories (x2 = 9.097, df = 12, p = 0.695); and (ii) the dependency of sports-related PA level prior to SARS-CoV-2 infection and illness treatment categories (x2 = 39.362, df = 12, p < 0.001), although post hoc comparisons indicated statistical dependency only between inactive PA level and home remedies treatment. These findings offer researchers a detailed exploration of the associations between pre-infection physical activity levels and key COVID-19 outcomes, including disease severity and treatment choices. Researchers and health professionals worldwide can draw on these findings to inform their own regional strategies and practices. Moreover, these findings highlight the importance of tailoring healthcare interventions to different patient profiles.