A simultaneous EEG-fNIRS dataset of the visual cognitive motivation study in healthy adults

Published: 12 March 2024| Version 3 | DOI: 10.17632/z92nw4n73t.3


Motivation has various positive influences on human activity and has been the topic of interest in the educational psychology field. To gain an in-depth understanding and insights into motivation, we must learn from the related brain activity during motivation events. Brain activity signals can be acquired with various methods. Each modality has its own strengths and weaknesses. We simultaneously measured Electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) at shared locations. Using simultaneous EEG (high temporal resolution but low spatial resolution) and fNIRS (high spatial resolution but relatively low temporal resolution compared to EEG), we can obtain both electrophysiological and hemodynamical brain activity data with high temporal and spatial resolution at the same time and locations. Hence, the motivation can be studied in a more complete picture than either of the individual modalities can offer. This dataset includes the simultaneous EEG-fNIRS data of 16 healthy participants measured while performing the cognitive motivation task. The cognitive motivation task is separated into two parts: attention and decision. Each visual stimulus, which is a randomly selected indoor/outdoor scene, was shown to the participant for 3 seconds during the attention period and then disappeared. The participants are required to decide whether or not they want to remember the scene stimulus they have seen within 9 seconds. There was no constraint or influence on their decisions. The EEG-fNIRS data were acquired during this whole cognitive experiment for 250 scene stimuli of each participant. The effect of their motivation was confirmed by the recognition test; the participants were tested with 500 mixed stimuli between 250 previously seen stimuli in the cognitive experiment and the new additional stimuli to test whether they could recognize the scene in the cognitive experiment or not. This dataset provides an opportunity for understanding and analyzing the process of attention and decision during the motivated brain state as well as the motivation and its effect on the recognition result afterward. More information about this dataset can be found at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2024.110260 Please cite this dataset as follows: T. Phukhachee, T. Angsuwatanakul, K. Iramina and B. Kaewkamnerdpong, "A simultaneous EEG-fNIRS dataset of the visual cognitive motivation study in healthy adults," Data in Brief, vol. 53, p. 110260, April 2024. (doi: 10.1016/j.dib.2024.110260)


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Kyushu Daigaku, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi


Motivation, Memory, Electroencephalography, Educational Neuroscience, Functional near Infrared Spectroscopy


Hitachi Scholarship Foundation

King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi