A Dataset for Buffering Delays Due to the Interaction Between the Nagle Algorithm and the Delayed Acknowledgement Algorithm in Cyber-Physical Systems Communication

Published: 30 September 2021| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/zhbpyvt4g9.1
Ahmad Al-Hammouri


Here, we provide the research community with a data set for the buffering delays that data packets experience at TCP sending side in the realm of Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs). We focus on the buffering that occurs at the sender side due to the the adverse interaction between the Nagle algorithm and the delayed acknowledgement algorithm, which both were originally introduced into TCP to prevent sending out many small-sized packets over the network. The data set is collected using four real-life operating systems: Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, and QNX (a real-time operating system). In each scenario, there are three separate different (virtual) machines running various operating systems. One machine, or an end-host, acts a data source, another acts as a data sink, and a third acts a network emulator that introduces artificial propagation delays between the source and the destination. To measure buffering delay at the sender side, we record for each sent packet the two time instants: when the packet is first generated at the application layer, and when it is actually sent on the physical network. In each case, 10 different independent experiment replications/runs are executed. Here, we provide the full distribution of all delay samples represented by the cumulative distribution function (CDF). The data exhibited here gives an impression of the amount and scale of the delay occurring at sender-side in TCP. More importantly, the data can be used investigate to what degree these delays affect the performance of cyber-physical systems or other real-time applications employing TCP.



Communication, Cyber-Physical System, Actuator Networks, Internet of Things, Networking