Dataset of signals acquired from MEMS accelerometers during seismic events in Central Italy
Dataset of acceleration signals acquired from a low-cost Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) during seismic events occurred in Central Italy. The WSN consists of 5 low-cost sensor nodes, each embedding an ADXL355 tri-axial MEMS accelerometer with a fixed sampling frequency of 250 Hz. Continuous data was acquired from February 2023 to the end of June 2023. The continuous data was then trimmed around the origin time of seismic events that occurred near the installation site, close to the city of Pollenza (MC), Italy, during the acquisition period. A total of 67 events were selected from the Italian Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV) Seismology data center. The waveform data was then further analyzed and annotated by analysts from INGV. Annotations include a pick time for the S and P wave, and an uncertainty level for the annotations. The data consists of two datasets, one containing earthquake traces, the other containing noise-only traces. There are two folders: the dataset_earthquakes folder contains seismic traces; the dataset_noise folder contains noise-only traces. The earthquake dataset consists of 328 3x25001 arrays, each related to a seismic event and with its own metadata. The dataset follows the Seisbench format, in which each trace follows the convention 'bucket0$trace_number;:n_dimensions;:n_samples', where 'bucket0' indicates the block to which the trace belongs; 'trace_number' indicates the trace' index within the block; 'n_dimensions' denotes the number of measurement axes; and 'n_samples' represents the number of samples in the trace. The waveforms are included in the the waveforms.hdf5 file of the earthquake_dataset folder, while the metadata is in the metadata.csv file in the folder. For each trace in the waveforms.hdf5 file there is an associated row in the metadata.csv file at the same index (indicated by 'trace_number' in the trace name). The original miniSEED files that were analyzed by the INGV analysts are made available. They are contained in the miniseed_files folder. Each file name follows the format '_eventID_originTime_WS.POZA.Sx.DNy.MSEED' where eventID is the ID of the event that is recorded in the trace, originTime is the origin of the event in UTC time (expressed with the YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss.ssssss format), x is a number that is used to identify the sensor that recorded the trace, y indicates the measurement direction of that trace, named '1', '2', 'Z'. For each trace in the waveforms.hdf5 file, the name of the miniSEED files that comprise the trace are in the metadata row for that trace, under the ‘trace_name_original_1’, ‘trace_name_original_2’, and ‘trace_name_original_Z’ fields in the metadata.csv file. The dataset_noise folder follows the same convention. It contains a waveforms.hdf5 file with waveforms without seismic activity. The metadata_csv file has the metadata associated to each noise trace. The miniSEED_files_noise folder contains the original miniSEED files of the noise traces.