EVALUATION OF THE QUALITY OF LIVE OF THE SELF.VALENTE OLDER, ADULT PROVINCE OF AREQUIPA, PERU. 2023
The following information corresponds to a progress report on the systematic results of a research study that aims to determine the socioeconomic level and its influence on the quality of life of self-sufficient older adults, considering as older adults all individuals who are 60 years of age or older (Law No. 28803, Law of Older Adults, Peru) United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The variables are socioeconomic level and quality of life. Data collection instruments, namely questionnaires and surveys, were applied to a stratified randomized sample of 390 older adults distributed in households across 14 representative districts characterized by five socioeconomic levels. The project was submitted to the institutional ethics committee. Validation was conducted through a pilot test to verify the understanding and acceptance of the questions. For the validity and reliability in the correlation of the instrument's items, the Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. Cronbach's alpha values between 0.70 and 0.90 were employed, indicating good internal consistency. The determination of Cronbach's alpha is recommended for one-dimensional scales with three to twenty items. For the assessment of the quality of life of the self-reliant older adult, the subject of this report, two dimensions were used, each with its own indicators, namely: 1.OPPORTUNITIES DIMENSION: Health, participation, and security indicators. Two questions were answered for each indicator, totaling six questions. The results showed the highest percentages in self-care of their health, participation in recreational activities with their family or friends, and the perception that they have achieved the goals they set in their life. (Table 1) 2.FACTORS DIMENSION: Environmental, socioeconomic, health, and behavioral indicators. Two questions each, totaling eight questions. (Table No. 1) As a result, the highest percentages indicate that urban growth worsens environmental conditions and health problems; that economic income is sufficient for the basic needs of an older adult; that their physical and mental abilities are consistent with their age; and that they are as happy as when they were younger.