Data for the synthesis, characterization, and use of xerogels as adsorbents for the removal of fluoride and bromide in aqueous phase
Xerogels were synthesized using the methodology proposed by Muehlemann et al. The xerogels M/R=0.5 were carbonized in a horizontal tubular furnace Carbolite model 12/65/550 under a N2 flow at 400, 450, and 550 °C for 2 h. The equilibrium adsorption experiments were carried out in a batch adsorber using 0.02 g of carbonized xerogel, 50 mL of fluoride, or bromide solution with different initial concentrations ranging from 10 to 100 mg L-1. The experiments were carried out at constant pH. The mass of fluoride or bromide adsorbed per gram of adsorbent (q), was obtained using a mass balance equation. The adsorption equilibrium data were fitted by Langmuir, Freundlich and Prausnitz-Radke isotherm models.The bromide and fluoride concentration in aqueous solution was measured by a potentiometric method with a bromide or fluoride ion-selective electrode.