Data for: Direct or indirect? The impact of political connections on export mode of Chinese private enterprises

Published: 13 March 2020| Version 1 | DOI: 10.17632/8sp4n96hbj.1
Yi Zhang


Our firm-level data is taken from the Biennial National Survey of Chinese Private Enterprises. The survey was jointly organized and conducted by the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, the State Administration of Industry and Commerce, and the Private Economy Research Institute of China. We work with three waves of survey data conducted in 2004, 2006, and 2008 due to information availability on export modes. The survey collects information from the previous year, so the firm information in our data corresponds to 2003, 2005, and 2007. The data is repeated cross-sectional in nature as firms are re-sampled nationally for each survey.



Institution, China, Trade