Relationship between bullous pemphigoid and malignancy_appendixS1
To conduct MR analyses, we utilized summary-level data obtained from the publicly available GWAS database. We used the GWAS with European descent as the datasource of genetic instruments. Genetic IVs for BP (n=218, 285) were obtained from GWAS in the FinnGen (https://www.finngen.fi/en). Genetic IVs for malignant tumors were all obtained from GWAS in the UK biobank (n = 442, 239).
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All summary statistics data used in this work were from genome-wide association studies and are publicly available at https:/ /gwas.mrcieu.ac.uk/.