Dataset#1 Results of archaeo- and ethnozoological study of the settlement of the Late Bronze Age Chernorech'e 2
Dataset contains primary data, bone measurement data and a list of pathologies. The daraset is devoted to the analysis of archaeozoological and ethnosoological materials, which are represented by the settlement of Chernorech'e 2 and modern animal husbandry in the valley of the Uy River. The main period of the settlement's functioning is associated with the Alakul culture of the Late Bronze Age of the Southern Urals (XVII-XV centuries BC). The purpose of the article is to reconstruct animal husbandry based on the analysis of the bones of livestock and data obtained during the study of the river valley adjacent to the monument. Bones from the settlement of Chernorechye 2 were analyzed using standard and generally accepted archaeozoological methods. Analysis of the archaeozoological collection made it possible to reconstruct the cattle-breeding character of the village throughout its existence. The inhabitants of the monument comprehensively exploited cattle, sheep, goats and horses. Paleopathological analysis revealed no basis for reconstructing the working use of bulls and horses. Joint analysis of archaeozoological and ethnozoological data allows us to propose a settled model pof pastoralism as the highest priority for the settlement of Chernorechye 2. The buildings of the settlement were used as a stable for livestock.