EXAMINING THE ROLE OF HAJI MUHAMMAD MOHSIN IN THE SOCIOECONOMIC LANDSCAPE OF 18TH CENTURY COLONIAL BENGAL: A COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS
ABSTRACT : 18th Century Bengal witnessed the stage from prosperity to decline , as per the statement of prominent historian Sushil Roy . This period saw the socio – economic condition of the people of Bengal under Mughal puppet emperors, next by independent Nawabs and later on by the colonial East India Company and in this socio-economic background the emergence of a great philanthropist Haji Muhammad Mohsin. In this paper the role of all these ruling classes including the role of colonial British East India Company in spreading Education and philanthropy has also been discussed critically. The role of Haji Muhammad Mohsin in this regard is highlighted and a comparative study of the Indigenous and colonial ruling class in case of spreading Education has been discussed. Attempts are also taken to find out the fact whether Haji Muhammad Mohsin was supported by the Colonial ruling class or interrupted by them in case of his continuing philanthropic activities. Apart from this , the role of contemporary wealthy persons and the role played by Haji Muhammad Mohsin’s regarding philanthropy has been discussed here. Haji Muhammad Mohsin longed for spreading Anglo – Persian Education . Secular characteristics of Haji Muhammad Mohsin and his contribution regarding the promotion of Education has been highlighted here.