EXPLORING THE IMPACT OF EDUCATION ON THE SOCIOECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF HISTORICALLY DISADVANTAGED GROUPS IN INDIA: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
Abstract : The objective of this study is to ascertain the socioeconomic status of the Scheduled Castes and examine the determinants that influence intergenerational mobility within this population. The examination of educational initiatives aimed at promoting the advancement of scheduled castes and the growth of higher education, within the framework of preferential treatment and supportive policies for diverse socioeconomic groups, including scheduled castes and tribes, is explored in the context of intergenerational educational mobility in India. The researcher discussed the topic of higher education for Scheduled Castes and Tribes, focusing on the experiences of students from these communities who are pursuing advanced education and successfully navigating various obstacles. This study examines the primary barriers and many social, personal, economic, and educational difficulties faced by Scheduled Caste Students (SCS) within their social environments. The research specifically concentrates on SCS individuals who have chosen to pursue higher education, as well as those who have not pursued such opportunities. The study will additionally demonstrate the differential ability of certain pupils from scheduled castes to surmount these challenges, in contrast to their counterparts who were unable to do so. The collection and analysis of data were conducted via interviews. The poll revealed that students belonging to the scheduled caste had a diverse array of aspirations, encompassing both individuals with intentions to pursue higher education and those without such aspirations. The study's findings indicate that despite historical instances of educational discrimination against scheduled tribes, contemporary lower-caste college students exhibit significant aspirations in both vocational and scholarly pursuits.The topic of discussion pertains to the concept of reservation in the context of caste. The topics under consideration encompass institutional habitus, educational experiences, professional education, occupational mobility, caste, inequality, generational dynamics, and the role of education.