Contributors:John Larsen, Andrew Russell, Clare Holdsworth, Monika Michalska, Hannah Parke, Antony Moss, Jonathan Ling
Supplementary files which outline the systematic review strategy, and CASP review for inclusion of research studies.
Illustrative quotes from manuscripts included in the systematic review.
Explanation for why each included study was relevant to the research question posed by the review.
Data from a web-based survey of 1,685 students (University of Siena, Italy) who completed a self-report questionnaire to assess consumption behaviours, knowledge about wine and the awareness about its effects.
Contributors:Attila Dr Szabo, Zsolt Demetrovics, rikke aarhus høglid, Dr. Mark Griffiths
Scholastic works suggest that those at risk for exercise addiction (REA) are also often addicted to illicit drugs, nicotine, and/or alcohol, but empirical evidence is lacking. The aim of the present work was to examine the co-occurrence of illicit drug, nicotine, and alcohol use frequency (prevalence of users) and severity (level of problem in users) among exercisers classified at three levels of REA: (i) asymptomatic, (ii) symptomatic, and (iii) at-risk. A sample of 538 regular exercisers were surveyed via the Qualtrics research platform. They completed the (i) Drug Use Disorder Identification Test, (ii) Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, (iii) Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test, and (iv) Exercise Addition Inventory. A large proportion (n=59; 10.97%) of the sample was found to be at REA. The proportion of drug and alcohol users among these participants did not differ from the rest of the sample. However, the incidence of nicotine consumption was lowest among them. The severity of problematic substance use did not differ across the groups. These findings suggest that substance addiction and the REA are unrelated. In fact, those at REA exhibited the healthiest profile related to the prevalence of smoking.